Non Sequitur: A statement that does not follow logically from what has just been said; in other words, a conclusion that does not follow from the premises.
Hasty Generalization: A generalization based on too little evidence or on exceptional or biased evidence.
Ad Hominem: Attacking the person who presents an issue rather than dealing logically with the issue itself.
Bandwagon: An argument saying, in effect, "Everyone's doing or saying or thinking this, so you should too."
Red Herring: Dodging the real issue by drawing attention to an irrelevant issue.
Either...Or: Stating that only two alternatives exist when in fact there are more than two.
False Analogy: The assumption that because two things are alike in some ways, they must be in other ways.
Equivocation: An assertion that falsely relies on the use of a term in two different senses.
Slippery Slope: The assumption that if one thing is allowed, it will be the first step in a downward spiral.
Oversimplification: A statement or argument that leaves out relevant considerations about an issue.
Begging the Question: An assertion that restates the point just made. Such an assertion is circular in that it draws as a conclusion a point stated in the premise.
False Cause: The assumption that because one event follows another, the first is the cause of the second. Sometimes called post hoc, ergo propter hoc ("after this, so because of this").
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